When you see a perfect bouquet, you know instinctively that it’s just right. Everything is balanced and the individual components each carefully contribute to a larger creation. But what goes into the making of a perfect bouquet?

1. Begin by choosing flowers with long stems. Examples include roses, irises, carnations, alstroemeria, freesias, Singapore orchids, and lisianthus. Foliage you might include could be camellia leaves, eucalyptus gum, box ivy, nandina, and leather fern. In general, three or four varieties of flowers is ideal plus foliage.

2. Cut off the tips of the stems on a slant and set them in water prior to assembling your bouquet. Remove any thorns and any leaves on the bottom half of the stems.

3. Use the largest flower to serve as the centre of your bouquet. Place other smaller blooms tightly around the centre, working outwards and balancing colours. Criss-cross the stems on an angle as you insert flowers and turn the bouquet in your hand, keeping its shape controlled with your fingers.

4. Holding the bouquet as above and facing your thumb towards you, position 5-6 stems of a single type of flower evenly around the centre flower of the bouquet. Rotate the bouquet in one direction and secure the stems with string or tape. Do not cut the string at this stage!

5. Continue adding flowers in another ring around the center, extending out further and keeping the top of the bouquet gently rounded like an upside down saucer. Cross-cross the stems and secure with string as above as you rotate your bundle and add more layers.

6. As your bouquet nears its desired size, mix in foliage to fill gaps with the tips extending 5-7.5cm beyond the edge of the flowers. Secure all stems with string, winding it between the stems several times. Cut the string now and tuck the end in.

7. Trim the stems so they are 15-20 cm long and all the same level. Spritz the bouqet with a bit of water. Finish by securing a piece of wide ribbon around the stems to cover the string and tie the ribbon in a pretty bow with long tails.

Bouquet Tips from the pros:

– Use foliage sparingly. A little goes a long way!

– Use one colour palette: white and cream, blue and lilac, pink and red.

– Use no more than 3 or 4 types of flowers

– Use the same shapes of flowers